Shooting do’s and dont’s
by Dan Noah, LSU Director of Video Production
Shoot lots of b-roll
Imagine you have never been and you want to experience this place for the first time. Shoot lots of vistas, we want to see where you are. Shoot lots of close ups of objects and details, we want to see what you see. Shoot lots of faces, especially students. We want to see the emotion of the experience. These three things help build a comprehensive experience of the journey. In addition to these items, remember to find fun and emotional parts of the journey, which helps to bring in your audience.
When interviewing have the person look at the interviewer and not into the lens. When interviewing the subject ask them comprehensive questions, avoid ones that can be yes or no answers. Ask emotionally weighted questions, such as, “how does being here make you feel?”
Make sure the interviewer uses the question in their answer and let them know that they should wait a bit after the question to answer, to avoid talking over each other. Let them finish talking before asking next question.
Make sure the person talking can be heard clearly. When shooting, get close enough to hear them. Additionally, make sure that it is recording audio, by doing a test record.
Frame the subject to the left or the right of frame, this is more dynamic then center framing. Make sure the background is interesting and not to boring, and avoid any objects that may cross behind his head, because it will look like he/she has something sticking out of their head.
Lots of cameras have a auto adjust for image exposure. Please keep this in mind when setting up a shot. Make sure the shot is lighted similarly, I.e shooting a person under a trees shade, or facing a person toward the sun, with the sun to the cameras back. A few problems to be aware of is shooting with the sun in front of the camera will cause the person to be exposed correctly and the background to be over exposed, or the background to be exposed correctly, but the person to be to dark or under exposed. Just make sure the image looks good.
When shooting interviews, try to use a tripod for stability and better image control. When shooting b-roll you don’t have to use a tripod, but try to shoot with the lens at its widest, largest field of view. This helps to prevent shaking. When shooting close up to an object , you will have to get closer to it when the lens is set at its widest.
Please make sure your image is sharp and in focus.
The preferred format is 1920×1080 24p. You can set your camera to this setting in the menu area.
Have some one in charge of making sure the files from the camera card get saved somewhere. If you are shooting a lot you will fill up the cards quickly. Always double check file size after copying and guard it like gold.
Just remember to shoot, shoot, shoot, and have fun.